European Journal of Environmental Sciences 2019-12-28T22:35:42+01:00 Pavel Kindlmann Open Journal Systems <div> <p>The&nbsp;<em><strong>European Journal of Environmental Sciences</strong></em> offers a mixture of original refereed research papers, which bring you some of the most exciting developments in environmental sciences in the broadest sense, often with an inter- or trans-disciplinary perspective, focused on the European problems. The journal also includes critical reviews on topical issues, and overviews of the status of environmental protection in particular regions / countries. The journal covers a broad range of topics, including direct or indirect interactions between abiotic or biotic components of the environment, interactions of environment with human society, etc. For more details see the full Aims and Scope of the journal. The journal is published twice a year (June, December).</p> </div> Effect of nature conservation on the socio-economic development of municipalities in the south western border region of the Czech Republic 2019-12-28T22:35:41+01:00 Karolína Bílá Zdenka Křenová mail@test.mail Zdeněk Pícha mail@test.mail Pavel Kindlmann mail@test.mail <p>In this study, we focus on factors affecting the socio-economic development within a protected zone and attempt to elucidate if being in a protected area significantly affects the development or whether other factors also have a role. We focused on population counts recorded in 1991 and 2011 in order to identify the changes in the economy following to the establishment of the Šumava National Park in 1991 and Český les Protected Landscape Area (PLA) in 2005. A total of 39 municipalities of similar size and history were included and 18 socio-economic indicators, which can be broadly categorized in terms of economy, landscape use and municipality income. We performed ANCOVA to determine the association between the size and location (outside or inside protected area) of a municipality and each of the18 socio-economic indicators. They did not vary significantly in 1991. After two decades the demography, economy and landscape usage were significantly different. However, they were not a result of being in a protected area but changes in the sizes of the municipalities. The municipalities located within protected areas may profit from their locality and it has positive rather than negative effects on the socioeconomic indicators.</p> 2019-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Is the Šumava National Park changing into a desert? A mini-review 2019-12-28T22:35:42+01:00 Karolína Bílá Pavel Kindlmann mail@test.mail <p>The provoking title briefly represents the opinion of a number of politicians and lobbyists. The majority of biologists, however, do not agree with this statement and present several arguments for why such a change will not occur. We attempt to elucidate the current and future situation in the Šumava NP based on available data. We also compare the situation in the Šumava NP with that in the whole of the Czech Republic, where the situation is similar or even worse. The devastated spruce forests are regenerating from young seedlings, biodiversity is increasing and the national park is not threatened by drought any more than the surrounding landscape. Here we dismiss the alarming messages about a desert in the Šumava NP, as the opposite is true, with the drought level there lower than in the rest of the Czech Republic. &nbsp;</p> 2019-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Methods for monitoring alpine plant phenology: a pilot study in the Line Creek Plateau Research Natural Area, USA 2019-12-28T22:35:42+01:00 Zdenka Křenová J. Stephen Shelly mail@test.mail Zdeňka Chocholoušková mail@test.mail <p>Alpine plant phenological traits are studied and several hypotheses about their latitudinal variation are tested within a comparative research project, which is being conducted on groups of plant species for which relationships are inferred from available phylogenies. The study sites for this project are located in tropical Ecuador, semitropical Bolivia and the temperate Rocky Mountains in the USA. Several temperate alpine species occur near the Rocky Mountains Field Station in Colorado and large populations of three alpine target species (<em>Caltha leptosepala</em>, <em>Castilleja pulchella</em>, <em>Gentiana algida</em>) were found at the Line Creek Plateau Research Natural Area, in the Beartooth Range in Montana. This location was initially investigated in August 2018 to choose the study site and test a methodology for collecting plant trait data. This study site, the target plant species and the results of a preliminary study, together with recommendations for the full season monitoring, are discussed in this paper.</p> 2019-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Management zonation and its implementation at a UNESCO World Heritage Site – a case study for the Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia 2019-12-28T22:35:42+01:00 Maja Vurnek Andrijana Brozinčević mail@test.mail Željko Rendulić mail@test.mail Kazimir Miculinić mail@test.mail Vesna Vukadin mail@test.mail Ognjen Škunca mail@test.mail <p>Plitvice Lakes National Park (PLNP) is the oldest protected area in Croatia (since 1949) and was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in1979. It is an area of outstanding universal value consisting of a freshwater ecosystem of 16 lakes divided by tufa barriers. Recently, this area has experienced pressure from visitors and significant infrastructural development. When the previous Management Plan expired in 2017, the PLNP initiated and adopted a new Management Plan. This involved the zonation of management in order to better conserve and use this protected area. Management zonation was based on spatial and other data on the distributions of the species and habitats (Natura 2000 and others); cultural values and geo-localities; visitor experiences; existing and planned infrastructure and settlements. Visitor classes and zones were determined using the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) methodology. The new management zonation resulted in an increase of 13.9% in the area of the Park included in the Strict Conservation Zone, while succession and habitat degradation resulted in a decrease in the area of the Park in the Active Management Zone, especially in terms of grassland. Six ROS classes were defined. The established ROS classes and the new management zonation were interconnected, each reflecting the need to manage the protected area in terms of conserving its specific biodiversity and geodiversity, while offering visitors various experience opportunities and meeting the needs of the local community.</p> 2019-12-28T21:54:14+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Impact of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and Pseudomonas fluorescens on growth, physiological parameters and essential oil content in Ocimum basilicum L. 2019-12-28T22:35:42+01:00 Esha Jangra Kuldeep Yadav Ashok Aggarwal <p>A pot experiment was performed to see the interactive potential of <em>Glomus mosseae </em>and <em>Acaulospora laevis </em>alone or in combination with <em>Pseudomonas fluorescens </em>on <em>Ocimum basilicum </em>L. under glass house conditions. Various morphological and physiological parameters were measured after 120 days. Although, all co-inoculation treatments showed beneficial effects but <em>G. mosseae </em>is found to be the most compatible strain found in the rhizosphere of basil plant. <em>G. mosseae </em>alone or in combination with other bioinoculants showed maximum increase in all the different parameters studied (plant height, fresh weight, dry weight, leaf number, inflorescence height, root and shoot phosphorus, acidic and alkaline phosphatase and oil content). The overall results demonstrate that the co-inoculation of <em>P. fluorescens </em>with AM fungi promotes higher mycorrhizal colonization enhancing nutrient acquisition especially phosphorus (P), producing plant growth hormones resulting in improvement of rhizospheric condition of soil, altering the physiological and biochemical properties of sweet basil.</p> 2019-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of implanting a passive integrated transponder tag in juvenile chub, Squalius cephalus (L.), on their condition, growth and survival 2019-12-28T22:35:42+01:00 Petra Horká Pavel Horký mail@test.mail Ondřej Slavík mail@test.mail <p>The effect of implanting a Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tag on the survival, growth and condition of a small cyprinid, juvenile chub <em>Squalius cephalus </em>(L.) with a mean weight of 2.4 g was studied in the laboratory. During this experiment, which lasted for 31 days, 80 specimens were tagged. The changes in Fulton’s condition factor (K), specific growth rate of mass (GM) and specific increase in length (LS) were evaluated. The results showed that implanting PIT tags did not affect the survival or growth of the fish; however, it had a negative effect on their condition. The initial size of the fish had a significant effect on the specific growth rate in terms of mass, but not in terms of length. Survival was 98.8% and tag retention 97.5%, when the tag made up 4.3% of the mass of the fish. These results demonstrate that PIT tagging is an appropriate method for chub heavier than 2 g. For this size category, we recommend that PIT tagging is suitable when the tag makes up 4.3% of the body mass of the individuals.</p> 2019-12-28T22:10:08+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ichthyofaunal diversity of Ranjit Sagar Wetland situated in the northwestern Himalayas 2019-12-28T22:35:42+01:00 Onkar Singh Brraich Sunil Kumar Saini <p>Diversity of fishes was evaluated at the Ranjit Sager Wetland and its three adjoining streams. Factors like altitude, bed gradient, dominated substratum and habitat types of the streams have also been studied. These streams fall under Type-B category on the basis of habitat variability, gradient and sinuosity. 43 fish species represented by 6 orders have been reported from the study area. Out of all 43 fish species, 13 come under threatened categories of Red List of IUCN, out of which 2, 3 and 8 come under Endangered (EN), Vulnerable (VU) and Low Risk near threatened category (LRnt) respectively. It has been analyzed from the above pattern that maximum fish species reported from this wetland have fallen under different threatened categories.</p> 2019-12-28T22:15:47+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##