Proper zonation – an essential tool for the future conservation of the Šumava National Park


  • Zdenka Křenová 1) Global Change Research Centre AS CR, v.v.i., Department of Biodiversity Research, Na Sádkách 7, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; 2) Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.
  • Jakub Hruška Czech Geological Survey, Geologická 6, 152 00 Praha 5, Czech Republic; Global Change Research Centre AS CR, v.v.i., Bělidla 986/4a, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic.



The future of the Šumava National Park is linked to discussions on its zoning. There are two basic approaches to defining national park (NP)zonation: (1) Many European NPs apply a simple concept with a large core area without direct human intervention, which is surroundedby a buffer zone. (2) The second, more ecosystem approach, uses nature values for defining the NP core zones and the level of humanintervention is not defined so strictly. This concept is now enshrined in Czech legislation and commonly applied in our national parks.The history of Šumava NP zonation is complex and messy and the current status has been evaluated as unsatisfactory for many years.Since 2004 a new zoning has been under preparation and several different methods generate similar zonation proposals, which showsthat the most valuable parts of the Šumava NP have not changed. This article presents a professionally prepared proposal that clearlydefines the criteria for defining the conservation zones. Below are descriptions of the major components of the proposed parts of Zone I –the most valuable parts of the NP. Justifications for their protection are included.