Passive sampling of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in aquatic environments

  • Zdena Křesinová Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University of Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-128 01 Prague 2 and Institute of Microbiology Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Vídeňská 1083, CZ-142 20 Prague 4
  • Klára Petrů Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University of Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-128 01 Prague 2 and Institute of Microbiology Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Vídeňská 1083, CZ-142 20 Prague 4
  • Ondřej Lhotský Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University of Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-128 01 Prague 2 and DEKONTA a.s., Volutová 2523, CZ-158 00 Prague 5
  • Torgeir Rodsand ALS Laboratory Group Norway AS, Drammensveien 173, N-0214 Oslo
  • Tomáš Cajthaml Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University of Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-128 01 Prague 2 and Institute of Microbiology Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Vídeňská 1083, CZ-142 20 Prague 4

Abstract

Passive sampling is a rapidly developing technology, which is widely used for the monitoring of pollutants in different environments. Passive sampling offers significant advantages over traditional grab sampling. In the present review, the authors summarize the current literature on the methods of passive sampling used in the environmental monitoring of polar or semi-polar compounds in aqueous matrices. Methods of calibrating, design and deployment of samplers are also discussed. A major focus of this review is the use of polar organic compound integrative samplers (POCIS) and their use in sampling and monitoring of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PCPs) in both equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions.

Published
2016-06-19
Section
Articles